lci inventory of coal mining in south africa

Life Cycle Inventory of the disposal of lignite spoil, coal spoil and ...

Disposal of spoil and tailings from coal and lignite mines. 1. ..... The goal of this distinction in LCI is to be able to produce contribution analyses in ..... South Africa.

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Environmental assessment of base metal processing: a ... - SAIMM

The Journal of The South African Institute of Mining and Metallurgy. OCTOBER 2000 ... Keywords: life cycle assessment; LCA; life cycle inventory; LCI; base metal refinery .... external data source (database inventory for coal mining). The BMR...

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Application of a Life Cycle Impact Assessment framework to ...

The South African economy is strongly based on coal as a mined resource, and ..... Classification, whereby the results of the Life Cycle Inventory (LCI) analysis...

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A Life-Cycle Inventory of Sandstone Quarrying and Processing

In particular, life-cycle inventory (LCI) data on natural ... Two general phases of sandstone production exist: quarrying and processing. Each of .... excluded from the scope of this inventory. ..... Hard coal South Africa [Hard coal (resource)] kg.

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ch4 emissions: coal mining and handling - IPCC - Task Force on ...

The amount of methane (CH4 ) released during coal mining depends on a number of factors, the most important of which are coal rank .... South Africa. 220. 0 ... Annual inventory data from the United States and Australia indicate increased use...

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TOPS: Technology Options for Coupled Underground Coal ...

Dec 31, 2014 ... These pilots include: x Katowicki Holding WÄŠglowy S.A. Wieczorek mine ... as the reagent to produce carbon monoxide. x Coal mine Velenje UCG pilot, .... developed life cycle inventory (LCI) models for alternative coal and...

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National Greenhouse Gas (GHG) Inventory for South Africa.

Environmental Affairs (DEA) in response to South Africa's obligation to report their .... 3.4.1.1.1 1B1a Coal Mining and Handling [1B1a]. 114. 3.4.1.2 Overview of...

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Lizenithne Quarrying and Processing: A Life-Cycle Inventory

LCI INPUTS FOR LIMESTONE QUARRYING AND PROCESSING. ... current industry operations relating to dimensional stone production. ... In particular, life-cycle inventory (LCI) data on natural ..... Hard coal South Africa [Hard coal (resource)].

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The Life Cycle Assessment of Platinum Group Metals

Life Cycle Inventory (LCI) also includes the production of fuel and ... as well as the composition of the South African power grid where more ... burning hard coal.

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World Coal Quality Inventory - Homepage, USGS: Energy ...

World Coal Quality Inventory - Homepage, USGS: Energy Resources Program. ... The U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) has compiled GIS data representing coal mines, deposits ... in coal and coal combustion products, Republic of South Africa.

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