small illegal gold mining in south africa

Why it doesn't make sense that all informal mining is deemed illegal

Apr 12, 2016 ... Legalising the small-scale and artisanal mining sector may unlock ... In South Africa, illegal mining as it currently stands covers all aspects of unpermitted ... gold mines in the the Witwatersrand Basin were decommissioned.

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Six things to know about the illegal mining boom | News24

Jun 26, 2014 ... But South Africa is also one of the only countries in the world where it is ... The most popular commodities in illegal mining are gold, diamonds,...

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Why it doesn't make sense that all informal mining is deemed illegal ...

Apr 13, 2016 ... Illegal mining in South Africa has dominated the news from the late 1990s, ... gold mines in the the Witwatersrand Basin were decommissioned. (AFP). Throughout Africa artisanal and small-scale mining, whether legal or...

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Dangerous Economy Thrives in South Africa's Abandoned Gold Mines

Aug 24, 2014 ... Tens of thousands of illegal gold diggers sneak into old mines, risking ... But experts say the scale of illegal mining in South Africa is especially ... he moved to Johannesburg from his small town of Siyabuswa two hours away.

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Comparison between artisanal and small-scale mining in Ghana ...

ISchool of Mining Engineering, University of the Witwatersrand, South Africa ... This new law, to some extent, also intensified illegal artisanal mining in the country. .... Thus by law, gold and other minerals produced on a small-scale level cannot...

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The Informalisation of Work: Illegal & Informal Mining from a Gender ...

in abandoned and closed mines in Johannesburg, South Africa. Informal mining is ... to formalisation of small-scale informal miners & and how it criminalises them ... interviews with participants and key players in the illegal gold mining value...

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Artisanal mining

South Africa has some of deepest and largest gold mines in the world, ... While any small scale and artisanal miners are, by definition, ... This provision gives many illegal miners the justificatio...

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What Is Illegal Mining and How Significant Is It? - About.com

A gold miner watches as a National Police officer searches for illegal mining ... by the Government of South Africa, "Artisanal mining means small-scale mining...

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Illegal Mining - Policy, Law & Economics News - Polity.org.za

Throughout Africa artisanal and small-scale mining, whether legal or illegal, has ... Gold mining company AngloGold Ashanti is working with police to prevent the ... FACTSHEET – South Africa's 2014/15 murder and robbery crime statistics.

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Forging a way forward for Zama-Zamas | Daily Maverick

Feb 16, 2016 ... The artisanal and small scale mining sector (often called 'illegal mining' or Zama-Zamas in South Africa), contrary ... The picture for gold mining is even worse, with a decline from 419,000 workers in 1990 to 145,000 in 2011.

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South Africa's illegal gold miners forced to scavenge in abandoned ...

Mar 8, 2016 ... South Africa's illegal gold miners forced to scavenge in abandoned shafts ... Now to get inside Durban Deep means finding a tiny hole, usually...

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Unregulated Artisanal Underground and Surface Mining Activities

Surface and Underground Artisanal Mining in South Africa. ... framework for large- and small-scale mining and analyses the efficiency of such policies ... All respondents submitted that illegal mining practices happen outside of the South African ..... of the constraints of regulated gold and other precious metals mining.

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South Africa's gold industry, like its economy, is crumbling - Chicago ...

Mar 8, 2016 ... South Africa was once the world's biggest gold producer, with more than 75 ... In 2014, 21 illegal miners died in the mine on a single day. ... is as simple as paying the right police officer, sometimes in small pieces of gold.

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Illegal gold mining in Ghana undercuts church's plans for land ...

May 16, 2016 ... One might expect that Ghana's illegal gold mining would be carried out ... Today, the country is Africa's second-biggest gold producer, after South Africa, yet only 16 ... "This type of small-scale mining [by foreigners with heavy...

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The Grim Life of Illegal Gold Mining in South Africa - WSJ

Aug 24, 2014 ... Decades of decline in South Africa's gold industry have sent thousands underground—to search for gold in abandoned mines.

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Deadly Illegal Mining Booms Below South African City of Gold ...

Apr 24, 2014 ... Deadly Illegal Mining Booms Below South African City of Gold .... the cloth to extract the mercury and form a small ball of gold concentrate.

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Gold mining in Congo | Open Society Initiative of Southern Africa ...

Gold miners in eastern DRC no longer fear warlords but now they are exploited by a ... They all demand illegal taxes, fees and levies from the miners without ... and small scale gold miners, who produce nearly all of eastern DRC's gold. ... of research in gold-mining communities in the provinces of North and South Kivu,...

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Illegal Mining in South Africa: What are the Impacts and Threats ...

Sep 29, 2015 ... Hoping to get some of the gold remaining in those abandoned deposits, ... Illegal mining has a serious impact on South Africa as a whole and on the ... The identification of small refineries will continue, which will include the...

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South Africa Probe into Syndicates Behind Illegal Mining - WSJ

Feb 18, 2014 ... Men rescued from an abandoned gold shaft near Johannesburg this week have spurred ... South Africa Probes Illegal Mining Syndicates ... But illegal mining accidents on a smaller scale are common, says emergency rescue...

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The men who work days at a time in South Africa's closed gold mines

Jun 12, 2015 ... Looking for gold in South Africa. ... to start another shift of illegal gold mining near Soweto, South Africa. The fissure they are climbing into descends 20m before a small tunnel leads to another fissure of an unknown depth.

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